SIST ISO 19149:2012

Oznaka standarda: SIST ISO 19149:2012
Koda projekta: 032567
Organizacija: SIST
Naslov (angleški): Geographic information - Rights expression language for geographic information - GeoREL
Naslov (slovenski): Geografske informacije - Jezik izražanja pravic za geografske informacije - GeoREL
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Tehnični odbor: GIG - Geografske informacije
ICS: 07.040 35.060
Status: Objavljen
Objavljen: 01-mar-2012
Refer. št. objave: Sporočila 2012-03
Referenčna oznaka: ISO 19149:2011
Področje projekta (angleško): ISO 19149:2011 defines an XML-based vocabulary or language to express rights for geographic information in order that digital licenses can be created for such information and related services. This language, GeoREL, is an extension of the rights expression language in ISO/IEC 21000-5 and is to be used to compose digital licenses. Each digital license will unambiguously express those particular rights that the owners (or their agent) of a digital geographic resource extend to the holders of that license. The digital rights management system in which these licenses are used can then offer ex ante (before the fact) protection for all such resources. NOTE The proper use of a GeoREL includes the preservation of rights access by formula expressed in usage licenses. Thus, data in the public or private domain, when protected, remain in their respective domains if the usage rights granted so state. These "rights" are not always covered by copyright law, and are often the result of contracts between individuals that specify the proper and allowed uses of resources, as opposed to the threat of copyright litigations which is an ex post facto (after the fact) remediation measure, not an ex ante protection measure. ISO 19149:2011 is not a reflection of, or extension of, copyright law. Mechanisms for the enforcement and preservation of those contract rights are specified in ISO/IEC 21000, and it is not the intention of ISO 19149:2011 to replace nor redefine those mechanisms, but to use them as previously standardized.
Področje projekta (slovensko): Ta mednarodni standard določa slovar ali jezik na osnovi XML za izražanje digitalnih pravic za geografske informacije, da se lahko za tovrstne informacije in povezane storitve ustvarijo digitalna dovoljenja. Ta jezik, GeoREL, je razširitev jezika izražanja digitalnih pravic iz standarda ISO/IEC 21000-5 in je namenjen oblikovanju digitalnih dovoljenj. Vsako digitalno dovoljenje nedvoumno izraža te posebne pravice, ki jih lastniki (ali njihov agent) digitalnega geografskega vira podelijo imetnikom tega dovoljenja. Sistem upravljanja digitalnih pravic, v katerem se ta dovoljenja uporabljajo, lahko nato zagotovi predhodno (vnaprejšnjo) zaščito za vse tovrstne vire.

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